/* * Copyright (C) 2015-2017 Apple Inc. All rights reserved. * * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions * are met: * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. * * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY APPLE INC. ``AS IS'' AND ANY * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL APPLE INC. OR * CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, * EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, * PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR * PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY * OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE * OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. */ #ifndef SharedTask_h #define SharedTask_h #include <wtf/Ref.h> #include <wtf/ThreadSafeRefCounted.h> namespace WTF { // SharedTask is a replacement for std::function for cases where: // // - You'd like to avoid the cost of copying, and would prefer to have reference semantics rather // than value semantics. // - You want to use FastMalloc rather than system malloc. Note that std::function may avoid malloc // entirely in some cases, but that's hard to guarantee. // - You intend to share the task with other threads and so want thread-safe reference counting. // // Here's an example of how SharedTask can be better than std::function. If you do: // // std::function<int(double)> a = b; // // Then "a" will get its own copy of all captured by-value variables. The act of copying may // require calls to system malloc, and it may be linear time in the total size of captured // variables. On the other hand, if you do: // // RefPtr<SharedTask<int(double)> a = b; // // Then "a" will point to the same task as b, and the only work involved is the CAS to increase the // reference count. // // Also, SharedTask allows for more flexibility when sharing state between everyone who runs the // task. With std::function, you can only share state using by-reference captured variables. // SharedTask supports this since, like std::function, it can be built from a lambda (see // createSharedTask(), below). But SharedTask also allows you to create your own subclass and put // state in member fields. This can be more natural if you want fine-grained control over what // state is shared between instances of the task. template<typename FunctionType> class SharedTask; template<typename PassedResultType, typename... ArgumentTypes> class SharedTask<PassedResultType (ArgumentTypes...)> : public ThreadSafeRefCounted<SharedTask<PassedResultType (ArgumentTypes...)>> { public: typedef PassedResultType ResultType; SharedTask() { } virtual ~SharedTask() { } virtual ResultType run(ArgumentTypes...) = 0; }; // This is a utility class that allows you to create a SharedTask subclass using a lambda. Usually, // you don't want to use this class directly. Use createSharedTask() instead. template<typename FunctionType, typename Functor> class SharedTaskFunctor; template<typename ResultType, typename... ArgumentTypes, typename Functor> class SharedTaskFunctor<ResultType (ArgumentTypes...), Functor> : public SharedTask<ResultType (ArgumentTypes...)> { public: SharedTaskFunctor(const Functor& functor) : m_functor(functor) { } SharedTaskFunctor(Functor&& functor) : m_functor(WTFMove(functor)) { } private: ResultType run(ArgumentTypes... arguments) override { return m_functor(std::forward<ArgumentTypes>(arguments)...); } Functor m_functor; }; // Create a SharedTask from a functor, such as a lambda. You can use this like so: // // RefPtr<SharedTask<void()>> task = createSharedTask<void()>( // [=] () { // do things; // }); // // Note that if you use the [&] capture list, then you're probably doing it wrong. That's because // [&] will lead to pointers to the stack (the only exception is if you do something like &x where // x is a reference to the heap - but in that case, it's better to use [=, &x] to be explicit). You // probably don't want pointers to the stack if you will have tasks running on other threads. // Probably the best way to be sure that you're not making a horrible mistake is to always use // explicit capture lists. In many cases, [this] is sufficient. // // On the other hand, if you use something like ParallelHelperClient::runTaskInParallel() (or its // helper, runFunctionInParallel(), which does createSharedTask() for you), then it can be OK to // use [&], since the stack frame will remain live for the entire duration of the task's lifetime. template<typename FunctionType, typename Functor> Ref<SharedTask<FunctionType>> createSharedTask(const Functor& functor) { return adoptRef(*new SharedTaskFunctor<FunctionType, Functor>(functor)); } template<typename FunctionType, typename Functor> Ref<SharedTask<FunctionType>> createSharedTask(Functor&& functor) { return adoptRef(*new SharedTaskFunctor<FunctionType, Functor>(WTFMove(functor))); } } // namespace WTF using WTF::createSharedTask; using WTF::SharedTask; using WTF::SharedTaskFunctor; #endif // SharedTask_h